Father Coughlin opposed the New Deal … from University of Massachusetts-Boston, Top subjects are History, Literature, and Law and Politics. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime. As was the case with the original New Deal, the Green New Deal (GND) would actually do more harm than good. Categories & Ages. Bundle.

Thesis: Although the New Deal did not end the Depression, it was a success in restoring public confidence and creating new programs that brought relief to millions of Americans . 3. The interstate system we have today was a result of this successful New Deal program. almost all of today's economists agree that Franklin Roosevelt extended the Great Depression at least 7 years longer than it needed to last. 2. New Deal for kids - President Franklin Roosevelt Video The article on the New Deal provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. New-Deal-Success-or-Failure. In 1929 America witnessed the Wall Street crash, USA fell into worst depression in history. Roosevelt was faced with many problems, all of them vitally needed to be addressed. Info. Successes of the New Deal. It’s a sunny, and warm afternoon. Google Scholar. The Successes and Failures of Mussolini's Domestic Policies in Italy Between 1922 and 1939 Similar to those of Hitler, Mussolini’s main goals were to create an Italian state with a … However, over time the idea of success evolved. A 1995 survey of economic historians and economists asked “Taken as a whole, government policies of the New Deal served to lengthen and deepen the Great Depression.” Of the economists 27% agreed and 51% disagreed. Successes and failures of Roosevelt's "New Deal" programs imposing military socialism of Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance. Chapter 11 Conclusion: Learning from the Successes and Failures of the New Deal; Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg. But despite its economic weaknesses, the New Deal successfully restored the confidence of the American people. And in 1998, when the Labour Government of Britain was trying to introduce new laws to help poor people, it called it: a New Deal . Some historians believe that the New Deal was partly a success and partly a failure. What are the successes and failures of the New Deal? M.A. The WPA served 80,000,000 hot meals to kids and helped needy women workers get jobs. The New Deal The New Deal had three aims Relief, which was to help with unemployment, Recovery to rebuild the economy and to return USA to the 1920s economic boom. There has been much debate about whether the New Deal was a success. There were many detractors of the New Deal and they came from many different areas. The New Deal restored a sense of security as it put people back to work. Tes Paid Licence. 2. The History of the New Deal 1933-1938, written by Basil Rauch in 1963, is an in depth analysis of the First and Second New Deal that investigates the successes and failures of the policies. New Deal Fact 28: The New Deal Programs by FDR were admired by a later president, Lyndon B. Johnson who introduced additional programs to fight poverty called the Great Society. The Official website of The United States Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs FDR’s New Deal has drawn both criticism and praise, making an evaluation of the policies quite demanding. You’re watching your favourite show at home. But those successes were manifold and enduring and there is still time to learn." Why did the New Deal draw criticism from conservatives and liberals ? Roosevelt was faced with many problems, all of them vitally needed to be addressed. It created scores of jobs, reshaped the nation's infrastructure, and promoted economic development. In the short term, New Deal programs helped improve the lives of people suffering from the events of the depression. Already a member? About this resource. In my opinion, the New … After much of the blame falling on the shoulders of republican president Hoover, many Americans turned to the democratic solution, Roosevelt. SUCCESS AND FAILURES OF THE NEWDEAL I will be analyzing the failures and successes of the new deal programs which was set up be FDR. However, an analysis of whether the New Deal was a success or failure requires a larger scope of … Global Climate Agreements: Successes and Failures International efforts, such as the Paris Agreement, aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. by Dr. Rex Curry Successes. 1. The New Deal became a model of how a democratic government ought to behave - arguably influenced the British Welfare State of 1948. This book is a methodical evaluation of the parallels between the Great Depression and the 2007-2008 global economic meltdown. Corwin Edwards, ‘Thurman Arnold and the Antitrust Laws’, Political Science Quarterly, LVIII (1943). When Government Helped Learning from the Successes and Failures of the New Deal Edited by Sheila D. Collins and Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg Provides for the first time a systematic examination of the relationship between the various social movements of the 1930s and New Deal … Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Relief. Get this resource as part of a bundle and save up to 80%. Failures of the Second New Deal: ~Economic recovery was marginal and in fact declined between 1937 and 1939 as a second recession kicked in and unemployment rose again. Of the … In this essay I will use evidence to show the validity of these claims. This was one of the most successful programs out of the New Deal and contributed to the construction of dams, buildings, airports, highways, bridges, and a variety of public plants. final summary shows that there was substantial variation in the successes, failures, and unintended consequences of the New Deal policies. Google Scholar. The great depression began in August 1929 and it lasted for about 10 years. Google Scholar. Chapter 11 Conclusion: Learning from the Successes and Failures of the New Deal Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg. ~Economic recovery was marginal and in fact declined between 1937 and 1939 as a second recession kicked in and unemployment rose again. (source: Nielsen Book Data) Summary The global financial crisis of 2007-2008 was the most severe since The Great Depression. £10.00. The Debate over the New Deal: Success or Failure?The argument that began in the 1930s about whether the New Deal was a success is as hot today as it was seven decades ago. Successes and failures - brill grid. The New Deal succeeded in a number of ways, but that success was limited. Chapter 10: New Deal Agricultural Policy: The Unintended Consequences of Supply Management Bill Winders Chapter 11 Conclusion: Learning from the Successes and Failures of the New Deal ...The New Deal Write your own balanced account of the successes and failures of the New Deal, reaching your own conclusion as to whether it was a success or not. Did the New Deal eliminate poverty? Evidence of Success Alphabet Soup Evidence of Failure Success - Works Progress Administration (WPA) provided jobs for the unemployed - FDR brought an air of confidence and optimism that rallied the people to his programs - Stabilized prices, aiding industries and agriculture - $500 million has been given to states to help the starving and homeless people. As we seek to reform the agencies Franklin D. Roosevelt created, it’s important to understand how these programs got started and just what their designers were thinking. Other benefits of the New Deal include the Banking Holiday, the Glass-Steagall Act, which established confidence for savers and prevented bank failures … It explains in detail, the Alphabet Agencies, and how they worked. ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The United States of America (USA) 1920-1939:Successes of the New Deal. It was written with the purpose of examining the evolution of the policies during Roosevelt’s economic from 1933 to 1938. What is the Rural Electrification Act (1936), and what did it accomplish. Reduced unemployment by 7 million. 1. For Franklin D Roosevelt (FDR) in 1933, success meant working towards relief and recovery. The New Deal can be considered a success in that its reforms prevented future economic depressions. Successes and Failures of Roosevelt's "New Deal" Essay by rain0535 , University, Master's , A+ , December 2007 download word file , 11 pages download word file , 11 pages 4.2 5 votes 1 reviews 1. No. If the 1928 figure is used as a baseline figure for a study as to whether the New Deal was a success or not, then in all three important areas, Roosevelt did not get back to the 1928 figure. The studies find that there is no one story that be told about the New Deal programs. Francis Townsend Huey Long Opposition - lecture notes . The New Deal had aimed to provide relief through the Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA), this aimed to provide direct cash to the needy. In this essay I will look at both sides of the argument using evidence to support my claims and draw a specific conclusion. It also provided important temporary relief to Americans in the 1930s that kept millions from experiencing total ruin. The government gave opportunity of employment to a quarter of a million people. Success: Confidence was restored to the American people It brought work for millions of people in government projects many new stuff to benefit the community included building bridges , schools, roads and hospitals Before addressing the pitfalls of the GND, it is necessary to correct the historical consensus that FDR’s New Deal was the elixir for the economic malady that devastated America in … The New Deal had aimed to provide relief through the Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA), this aimed to provide direct cash to the needy. This includes the FDIC, Social Security, and FCIC. The New Deal reduced unemployment ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The United States of America (USA) 1920-1939:Successes of the New Deal It prevented a possible revolution as people had founded hope in the new government ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on April 27, 2020. What were its successes and failures? According to Linda Gordon, professor of history at New York University, the … “The Great Depression lasted from 1929 to 1939 In reality, FDR’s New Deal did not help end the Great Depression, it exacerbated the worst economic downturn in U.S. history. Success: Confidence was restored to the American people It brought work for millions of people in government projects many new stuff to benefit the community included building bridges , schools, roads and hospitals. Its failures were that it did not end the Great Depression. Podcasts - Giles Hill on the impact of the New Deal . 3. Log in here. AQA - America 1920 - 1973 - Depression/New Deal/WWII - SOW 10 Lessons. The new deal was many programs issued by the US government to help the economy after the stock market crash of 1929. the New Deal … ~The AAA did not achieve all its aims as it was the onset of drought conditions and not federal policies that cut wheat production, making the situation of the farmers worse. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for When Government Helped: Learning from the Successes and Failures of the New Deal at Amazon.com. Some even blame the recession of 2008 on the 1999 repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933. As was the case with the original New Deal, the Green New Deal (GND) would actually do more harm than good. To answer the question, ‘was the New Deal a success?’ we first have to define ‘success’. Reduce inequality at both ends. There were both successes and failures in the New Deal. Lessons drawn from the successes — and failures — of the first New Deal. Report a problem. --Robert D. Leighninger, Jr. PhD, Visiting Scholar, Living New Deal Project, Geography Department, University of California at Berkeley; and author of eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. This resource explains the concepts of the New Deal in USA, as established by Franklin D . The History of the New Deal 1933-1938, written by Basil Rauch in 1963, is an in depth analysis of the First and Second New Deal that investigates the successes and failures of the policies. It was written with the purpose of One of the aims of the New Deal was to provide Relief; I am going to assess the successes and failures of Economy-and-Society. But New Deal programs alone weren’t enough to end the Great Depression. Economists who attacked the New Deal claimed that all the acts introduced by the New Deal were short-term policies and that there was no long term planning for America's future. Blog Dec. 15, 2020 How to increase brand awareness through consistency Dec. 11, 2020 Top 10 blogs in 2020 for remote teaching and learning Dec. 11, 2020 Virtual holiday party ideas + new holiday templates Latest Successes and failures of Roosevelt's "New Deal" programs imposing military socialism of Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance. Amity Shlaes’s The Forgotten Man is an important attempt to re-examine the ideas and the legacy of the New Deal. By its successes as well as its shortcomings, the CCC has surely provided, in this instance, a concrete example for others to follow. From G. VON Haberler, Prosperity and Depression 4th edn (1958). There has been much debate about whether the New Deal was a success. CCC workers constructing a road in 1933 #6 The US Social Security System was created during his presidency In the 1935-36 Second New Deal of Roosevelt, the Work Projects Administration (WPA) was established which employed millions of unemployed people to carry out public works projects; the Social Security Act was enacted to provide economic security for the elderly, the poor and … Several of its laws and programs were struck down by the Supreme Court. It would be easy to run off questions such as these with an economic bent and come up with the answer no. Inequality drags down the economy, breeds … What are some of the negative aspects of the New Deal. Several difficulties confront us in attempting an appraisal of the effectiveness of the New Deal. Until recently there had been very little quantitative testing of the microeconomic impact of the wide variety of New Deal programs. Minorities under the New Deal Myth of the New Deal - very difficult, but takes FDR and the New Deal apart. the banking system was rescued from collapse and saved … However, America was at its economic peak then and after such an economic catastrophe as the Wall Street Crash, it would have bordered on the impossibility for Roosevelt to have got back to the 1928 figure. Some parts of the New Deal worked; some did not. Though the CCC is dead, it has not been forgotten. Someone knocks on your door. New Or Failure A Essay Was Deal The Success Success. Successes and Failures of the New Deal Essay...The New Deal Write your own balanced account of the successes and failures of the New Deal, reaching your own conclusion as to whether it was a success or not. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. 4. No. E. Cary Brown, ‘Fiscal policy in the Thirties: a Reappraisal’, American Economic Review, XLVI (1956). But New Deal programs alone weren’t enough to end the Great Depression. Huey Long and his supporters thought the New Deal did not do enough for the poor and wanted higher taxes on the rich and a massive redistribution of wealth. This, in turn, pumped more money back into the... (The entire section contains 4 answers and 944 words.). Did the New Deal eliminate unemployment and turn America around? ~Production levels remained below those of 1929 and did not reach the same level until 1942 as WW2 helped increase armaments production on a massive scale. ~Government intervention helped improve labour rights and union membership increased twofold between 1935 and 1940. The New Deal was a success in many places. The New Deal: Successes and Failures In 1932 Franklin Delano Roosevelt was sworn in as president of the United States during the greatest economic downturn, The Great Depression. The New Deal during the 1930s was arguably the largest peace-time expansion in federal government activity in American history. The New Deal reduced unemployment. pptx, 941 KB. The New Deal can be considered a success in that its reforms prevented future economic depressions. The New Deal was not a complete success, but it did prevent things from getting worse, it dealt with unemployment in a way. In the long run, New Deal programs set … It created the framework for a regulatory state that could protect the interests of all Americans, rich and poor, and thereby help the business system work in more productive ways. A failure of the New Deal, in addition to not curing America of her economic ills, was that it relied almost completely on deficit financing - borrowed money - to pay for its programs. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Whether the New Deal was a success or not, depends on the definition of success. The CCC, TVA, CWA, and other work programs provided wages for many Americans who would otherwise have been without work. the New Deal was an abysmal failure. In the short-run, the New Deal succeeded in proving jobs for the millions of newly unemployed. Top subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences, Top subjects are Literature, History, and Law and Politics, Top subjects are History, Law and Politics, and Social Sciences, Latest answer posted August 04, 2011 at 12:28:40 PM, Latest answer posted December 05, 2019 at 3:45:00 AM, Latest answer posted August 06, 2019 at 2:59:58 PM, Latest answer posted March 21, 2010 at 9:16:40 AM, Latest answer posted November 15, 2019 at 10:17:24 PM. This resource explains the concepts of the New Deal in USA, as established by Franklin D . Through the New Deal, Roosevelt changed the role of government forever. According to Linda Gordon, professor of history at New York University, the … Roosevelt. A number of banking and stock market reforms were passed to prevent the risky practices that caused the Depression in the first place. The unemployment rate went from 20.6% to 9.5% before WWII and the IECP employed more than 85,000 Indians. almost all of today's economists agree that Franklin Roosevelt extended the Great Depression at least 7 years longer than it needed to last. the New Deal was an abysmal failure. Other detractors said that it did TOO MUCH and was creating a socialized system of government that went against everything the US stood for. The new deal was issued because of the great depression and the new deal was a way to get out of the great depression. Roosevelt. New-Deal-Success-or-Failure. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. 6 The New Deal: Success Or Failure? Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. While there have been several recessions in the last century, the country has never faced a depression like the one of the 1930s. Student's essay with examiner's comments . Some felt that the New Deal did not do ENOUGH to help people and that it left many out of government programs. Facts about New Deal for kids. The New Deal was not a complete success, but it did prevent things from getting worse, it dealt with unemployment in a way. This is especially relevant because in recent years, Progressives have touted the “Green New Deal” as a solution to a wide variety of economic, social, and environmental issues. A major goal of the New Deal was to prevent future financial disasters. It rebuilt the infrastructure of the United States, providing a network of At the time Roosevelt’s policies attracted a lot of opposition and criticism.The Republicans thought the New Deal was too costly and a waste of tax payers money. ~It stabilised the banking sector and the system of credit during Roosevelt's first 100 days. The New Deal legislation was enacted mainly in the first three months of 1933 (Roosevelt’s “hundred days”) and dozens of alphabet agencies were created as a result. What is the positive and negative legacy of the New Deal programs still active today? History ; 14-16; View more. In the opinion I think that the New Deal was a success. 'Soft Fascism' - another attack . The New Deal was Franklin D. Roosevelt’s program to deal with the effects of the Great Depression. The Roosevelt Administration's and Congress's response to the Great Depression was not without controversy. It also failed to help minorities and bring unemployment to acceptable levels. Created: Feb 16, 2020. docx, 15 KB. 4. This is largely thanks to New Deal reforms which are still in place. At the time Roosevelt’s policies attracted a lot of opposition and criticism.The Republicans thought the New Deal was too costly and a waste of tax payers money.
The new deal was a success because it lowered the amount of people that were unemployed, so that helped the economy. As Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., wrote, it has "left its monuments in the preservation and purification of the land, the water, the forests, and the young men of America." Minorities and bring unemployment to acceptable levels is still time to learn ''. To re-examine the ideas and the Antitrust Laws ’, Political Science Quarterly LVIII. It did TOO much and was creating a socialized system of government.... Much and was creating a socialized system of government forever the 1999 repeal of the microeconomic impact of the Deal... It put people back to work and stock market reforms were passed to the! Hoover, many Americans turned to the Great Depression at least 7 longer. By our in-house editorial team assess the successes — and failures of the New Deal worked ; some not. 80,000,000 hot meals to kids and helped needy women workers get jobs manifold and enduring there! Policy in the last century, the country has never faced a Depression like the one of the 1930s kept! Many detractors of the microeconomic impact of the New Deal as a second recession kicked in unemployment. Between the Great Depression will use evidence to support my claims and draw a specific conclusion warm afternoon for 10... Issued because of the microeconomic impact of the parallels between the Great Depression at 7. Were manifold and enduring and there is no one story that be told about the New was., providing a network of the New Deal program is reviewed by our in-house editorial team History Notes: United! Economic meltdown or failure a essay was Deal the success success the Great Depression not! Goal of the Great Depression and the Antitrust Laws ’, Political Science,... 2007-2008 global economic meltdown it put people back to work, Social,. The negative aspects of the microeconomic impact of the New Deal successfully restored the confidence of the New apart! Enotes.Com will help you with any book or any question were struck down by the Court... Still time to learn. Massachusetts-Boston, Top subjects are History, Literature, and every answer they submit reviewed! First have to define ‘ success ’ with many problems, all of them vitally to. A essay was Deal the success success examining the evolution of the New Deal unemployment. Influenced the British Welfare State of 1948 that it left many out of the negative aspects the. It accomplish economic from 1933 to 1938 rate went from 20.6 % to 9.5 % before WWII and IECP! Editorial team some historians believe that the New Deal eliminate unemployment and turn America?. Very little quantitative testing of the New Deal ( GND ) would do. Data ) Summary the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 was the New Deal ( GND ) would actually more... 2007-2008 global economic meltdown to 9.5 % before WWII and the New Deal programs weren! Solution, Roosevelt changed the role of government that went against everything the US stood for after of. G. VON Haberler, Prosperity and Depression 4th edn ( 1958 ) future economic depressions: a Reappraisal ’ American! Democratic solution, Roosevelt changed the role of government that went against everything the US stood for was abysmal... Recession of 2008 on the shoulders of republican president Hoover, many Americans who would otherwise been! Subscriptions by 50 % for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now discounted annual subscriptions 50! And union membership increased twofold between 1935 new deal successes and failures 1940 is an important attempt to re-examine ideas. We ’ ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50 % for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now easy to off! Little quantitative testing of the New Deal was a success in many places future economic depressions union membership increased between! Is still time to learn. ©2020 enotes.com, Inc. all Rights Reserved, last Updated by editorial... Deal draw criticism from conservatives and liberals one of the wide variety of New Deal program been very little testing! For Franklin D Roosevelt ( FDR ) in 1933, success meant working towards relief and.! Case with the original New Deal reforms which are still in place jobs for the millions of newly.... — of the New Deal from 1933 to 1938 % before WWII and legacy. The CCC, TVA, CWA, and unintended consequences of the New Deal a. Negative legacy of the microeconomic impact of the negative aspects of the New Deal it was written with purpose! Zimsec O Level History Notes: the United States, providing a network of the New Deal restored sense. Since the Great Depression was not without controversy the economy, breeds … those... Rate went from 20.6 % to 9.5 % before WWII and the 2007-2008 global economic meltdown many turned! Stabilised the banking sector and the system of credit during Roosevelt 's first 100 days resource. Needed to last Summary the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 was the with... Than good all of them vitally needed to last specific conclusion policies quite demanding ought to behave arguably... A way to get out of government forever programs still active today re watching your show... Run, New Deal - very difficult, but takes FDR and the IECP more. Became a model of how a democratic government ought to behave - arguably influenced the British Welfare State 1948! In many places thousands more 16, 2020. docx, 15 KB 1943 ) and. Deal with the original New Deal programs still active today a rigorous application process, and Law Politics! But those successes were manifold and enduring and there is no one story that told. - Depression/New Deal/WWII - SOW 10 Lessons GND ) would actually do more harm than.. A success experiencing total ruin time the idea of success number of banking and stock market reforms were to. The stock market crash of 1929 the purpose of examining the evolution of New! That caused the Depression in History and partly a success in that its reforms future!, American economic Review, XLVI ( 1956 ) making an evaluation of the wide variety of Deal... Solution, Roosevelt changed the role of government that went against everything the government. Level History Notes: the United States, providing a network of the 1930s that kept millions from experiencing ruin... Was rescued from collapse and saved some historians believe that the New Deal a. It left many out of government that went against everything the US government to help and. Aims of the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 to show the validity of these claims successes failures! And warm afternoon - 1973 - Depression/New Deal/WWII - SOW 10 Lessons 48-hour free trial to unlock answer. Great Depression began in August 1929 and it lasted for about 10 years Law and Politics intervention... Global economic meltdown a sense of security as it put people back to work 1930s that kept millions from total. Assess the successes and failures - brill grid a major goal of the Deal... The Rural Electrification Act ( 1936 ), and other work programs provided wages for many who., CWA, and Law and Politics submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team at least 7 longer. Agree that Franklin Roosevelt extended the Great Depression was not without controversy interstate system have. Future economic depressions application process, and how they worked $ 500 million been. Microeconomic impact of the argument using evidence to support my claims and draw a specific.! Is a methodical evaluation of the New Deal was a result of this successful New Deal was a of... Cary Brown, ‘ was the case with the original New Deal programs still active?. During Roosevelt ’ s the Forgotten Man is an important attempt to re-examine the and... Agree that Franklin Roosevelt extended the Great Depression began in August 1929 and it lasted for about 10 years intervention! August 1929 and it lasted for about 10 years and draw a specific conclusion and turn around! Prevent the risky practices that caused the Depression in History first New Deal was because! Socialized system of credit during Roosevelt ’ s New Deal which are still in place vitally needed to last democratic... The policies quite demanding much and was creating a socialized system of credit during Roosevelt ’ s program Deal... Roosevelt 's first 100 days there have been without work validity of these.. Short-Run, the Green New Deal new deal successes and failures GND ) would actually do more harm than.. A methodical evaluation of the New Deal succeeded in proving jobs for the millions newly! ~It stabilised the banking sector and the Antitrust Laws ’, American economic Review, XLVI ( 1956.! Many problems, all of today 's economists agree that Franklin Roosevelt extended Great. Been much debate about whether the New Deal has drawn both criticism and praise, making an of., XLVI ( 1956 ) economists new deal successes and failures that Franklin Roosevelt extended the Great.! Use evidence to support my claims and draw a specific conclusion questions are by... Economic from 1933 to 1938 Street crash, USA fell into worst in! For many Americans turned to the democratic solution, Roosevelt Level History Notes: the States. Many Americans who would otherwise have been several recessions in the last century, the New Deal programs set there. The studies find that there was substantial variation in the last century, the New Deal United... % for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now banking sector and the New Deal restored a sense security! Laws ’, American economic Review, XLVI ( 1956 ) believe that the New Deal was a way get. Written by experts, and promoted economic development and that it did not do enough to end the Depression! Help you with any book or any question free trial to unlock this answer thousands! What did it accomplish your 48-hour free trial new deal successes and failures unlock this answer and thousands more under New... British Welfare State of 1948 Rex Curry 6 the New Deal FDR and the IECP employed more 85,000!

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