I’m actually not too sure how much water clarity will affect the breeding of those fish, but it would be interesting if you do happen to note any changes in their behaviour. It’s wonderful to hear feedback from readers . Mike. Plants, which act as natural water filters, regular water changes, bacteria supplements, and occasionally cleaning, can sometimes be all that’s needed to keep a pond clean without a filter in place. Low-quality fish food is full of fillers that your fish won’t fully digest and just excrete (poop!) If you don’t like the idea of a regular filter in your pond, but still want to improve water quality and clarity, you could consider opting for a bog filter instead. If you do not keep fish, a filter is not absolutely necessary, however, such a pond filter will keep the water clear and it is installed in no time. First, let's talk about the filtration system in your aquarium. Keeping Ponds Clean Without Filters – Is it Possible? I am intending on using both a solar filtration kit and pond plants. Pond water will become often turbid and dirty after a lapse of time. You’ll have bacteria on rocks, plants, edges and all over the surface of the bottom. In terms of off-the-shelf aerators, this Blagdon model was one of the best I could find (up to 11,000 liters with fish – which isn’t bad!) Could I ask, was the pond around a long time before you added the filter system? To perform a water change, you are essentially replacing up to 25 to 30% of your pond's water by volume (use our pond calculator to figure out the volume of your pond). Given that I’ve cleaned it thoroughly with tap water for a couple of months now should I introduce some bacteria (into pond or into filter)? A skimmer is a mechanical filter. Muddy water becomes clear with just a few household items All of this adds up and would require either more filtration, or more manual work to remove the waste and debris. Razer Rake - Collapsible Aluminum Lake and Pond Weed Rake. I dont plan on keeping fish but would like to make it less deep. All ponds need some cleaning and maintenance to keep the water clear, but once your pond reaches a state of balance, cleaning and maintenance should stay at a minimal. For overwintering your fish, you should try to find a way to keep the water mixed up during the winter, so that it doesn’t freeze. Historically both rudd & tench have bred in it – I worry now that it is so clean and clear will this hinder the fish breeding (they must feel very exposed now!)? You may want to remove plants, ornaments and decorations from the water from time to time and thoroughly clean them. First thing to clean in a pond is any floating surface debris, as this will eventually sink and contribute to sludge at the bottom of the pond … We only recommend this 1-2 times a year, with the best times being early spring and early autumn where debris starts to build again. Only submerged plants will provide oxygenation to the water, but all will help reduce excess nutrients and remove harmful substances. However, you can skim it out with a net like you mentioned as well! Ah, sorry again! If you want to be extra safe with this approach, after turning off the filter for a month, come back and re-test water quality. However, your pond is quite large, and a single carp is unlikely to be the main cause here. In addition, whether or not your fish can survive outdoors for the winter depends on their species. As important as the amount of food you feed your fish is the quality of the food. All of these things will hurt and kill your fish and plants. ), but it seems I’m mistaken. Clean your pond pump and pond filter when you ... more and growing quickly you will need to maintain your pump and filter regularly to ensure the filtration system can keep up with the increase in waste. Once this is done shall i still treat the water for the fungal problem? Thanks so much for SUCH a helpful site and service – really invaluable. – https://amzn.to/2QnZcbF. Feed your fish more, as their metabolism speeds up they will require more food. Finally, in terms of the pond vacuums, I don’t think Matala trade in the UK, and I wasn’t able to find any distributors outside of the US. This is because pond aeration enhances the levels of beneficial bacteria that help break down waste. Wrap exterior of wire basket in a layer of quilt batting. The filter type: it is made by Kockney Koi who describe it as – The KF18,000V is a high quality, free-standing, fibreglass, four bay, filter with integral vortex designed to improve your fish’s environment. This is a more natural type of filter which works by slowly pumping water through a concentrated section of plants, which will work to absorb substances as the water passes through. Water clarity can be improved by adding more pond plants, cleaning out excess sludge, installing pond netting, repairing leaks, and adding extra beneficial bacteria. Without microbes or filtration, the dead animals and plants just sit in the … The main reason why you may have been recommended to leave your filter on in winter isn’t so much for waste compounds, but for aeration and oxygen. If water quality is good, I don’t think adding more fish will be a problem so long as you remember to test regularly to ensure the pond isn’t becoming overstocked. All thanks to you. I have a wildlife pond about 18 x 8 metres, depth average about 0.5 metres, probably 45-50,000 litres. The choice of whether or not to have a filter in your pond would depend on the fish you keep, the size of pond, and the overall biological load (waste levels) present. And we’re talking about any floating debris and the debris that has already sunk to the bottom and inevitably turned into sludge. Also, if you’re looking to combat mosquito larvae and pests, I would also recommend looking into mosquito fish. Many Thanks! Although filter boxes can help with water clarity, their primary goal is maintaining good water quality by reducing harmful substances. For larger ponds, or for better all-round cleaning, a pond vacuum can be used which will make short work of all kinds of debris. No one needs to scoop out algae. 1) This may actually increase gunk over time, as the lilies roots will be removing a large quantity of excess nutrients/waste particles, but whether potted or not, they’ll still drop foliage into the water contributing to overall gunk. You could add one, or a combination of the two, as both will help with the main issue of winter – lack of gas exchange! So – do you think I’m OK to turn filter Off October-April? Water quality – I’ve assumed it’s fine as the pond is very well established (a few rudd die every year but they breed there so some may die of old age); I have just ordered the NT Labs Multiple kit and will post the results over this coming weekend and will be hugely grateful for your reaction and view on whether I can turn the filter Off October-April, and if & when I need to add bacteria. A bit of bottom sludge is good for a pond as it acts as a natural fertilizer, but too much can cause water clarity problems, so we recommend cleaning out a layer of sludge at least once a year to combat this. The 5 steps above will help you maintain a clean and clear pond without using a filter system. Buying through links on our site may earn us an affiliate commission. Bacteria will require a bit of waste to stay alive (it’s what they use for nutrients), so making a pond completely sterile is bad for biological filtration. Thank you so much for visiting the site, and for the compliment! Should I remove the surface plants once they begin to die after the frost? Now you only have to empty the basket and rinse the filter pad once every week, and it only takes a few minutes. My work has been keeping me very busy these past few weeks. Answered both your posts in the previous comment. The pond just went in last year, but unfortunately our contractor has passed away so we are scrambling for information, maintenance, etc. It is vital to clean away solid fish waste, uneaten food, algae, dead fish and rotting plants as they can all release ammonia into the water. Thank you again for invaluable help. Follow these simple steps to get rid of gross pond algae without harming your fish! The water is very clear but its probably not the best quality we never do water tests and the water doesnt really ever get changed. Mechanical: Cotton or foam cartridges that physically remove debris from the water. The water can become cloudy, green or even stagnant. Eco Filtration – Are Bog Filters (Plant Filters) Worth it? Running a pump/filter is often the easiest way to counter this, but you can also do it in other ways, such as with de-icers and aerators. Aquaplancton 50w Twin Panel Solar Powered Pond Pump Kit. Since pond water is packed with nutrients, we feel it’s a waste to simply put the water down the drain, so if you can you should use it for watering your garden plants as it acts as a great fertilizer! No, but if you aren’t going to use a filter (which beneficial bacteria helps break down debris as it passes through your bio-filter), then you can look at these products as a way to ensure your bacteria levels are kept high and can perform their job optimally. I would like to fill it partly in with concrete covering the hole while doing so. To treat the goldfish, you can quarantine the one for treatment that has visible symptoms, and treat with a salt bath, potassium permanganate, acriflavine, and several other products as gone over in detail in this article: https://pondinformer.com/koi-fungus-treatment/. Without a filter, pond water will need to be cleaned manually. An ecosystem pond looks to create the perfect balance between man-made and how to integrate mother nature’s natural process of filtration. You have to stick with it, keep changing the batting as needed and eventually the water will clear (i.e. Particularly in Pennsylvania with so much vegetation about (it’s a gorgeous state, but certainly lots of leaves!). This is excellent information, thank you! Having said that, by combining the steps above to maintaining a pond without a filter, and utilizing a solar pond pump with filter setup (which could potentially double as your filter and aerator), could be an effective way to keep your pond crystal clear without using any electricity! They work around the clock removing debris and harmful substances, thus keeping your pond clean and clear. That filter is a great model! More oxygen will allow beneficial bacteria to thrive so they work more efficiently, and the added surface agitation will help prevent algae and mosquitoes calling your pond their home. My pond I’d about 6ft x 5ft and have a lot of fish (they keep spawning and producing more babies) and not sure what I can do about that, But my pond has started to lose water so I have turned off the pump to investigate and I was wondering how long would it be safe without the pump and filtration system on., just to add to the problem I’m going away for 3 days, any advice would be very helpful. A pond net can be used to remove debris and even scoop sludge off the floor of your pond. I will certainly keep you updated and come back with any further Qs. Rain water contains dissolved carbon dioxide (as carbonic acid) which will eventually deplete your alkalinity/KH buffer, reduce bacteria efficiency (they require carbonates), and open the system to potential pH crashes. Most electric vacuums will reach much deeper than 0.5m, and I personally think they’re almost essential for larger water bodies, especially to keep on top of muck. Thanks so much for your help, My well produces 10 gal a minute 24/ 7 I wanna use that water flow and make a pond 10′ by 22 with no Filtration In a small amount of fish would you recommend that. For preventative maintenance, placing pond netting over your pond to help catch any debris before it hits the water is an effective way to keep your water clean and to stop debris from contributing to your pond’s sludge problem. Just be sure to wait until the sealer is 100% dry before adding water, as most are toxic in liquid form to both plants and fish. Benefits: Reduces excess nutrients, controls algae growth, and removes tannin (color) producing matter. Plants provide a means of natural water filtration, absorbing excess nutrients, oxygenating water, and removing harmful substances. Adding fish in smaller numbers, waiting a month or so, testing water quality and observing clarity, and then possibly adding more, might be the best way here to ensure a good balance is kept. By subscribing you agree to receive emails from PondAcademy.com. However, keeping it clean can seem like a challenge — especially if you’re used to using pumps, filters, and chemicals. 6. As well as this, making sure your beneficial bacteria populations are healthy will help keep sludge in balance, and topping up with natural sludge eating bacteria can help boost your bacteria’s efficiency. Here are some helpful products: The Aquasphere float is a biodegradable ball in your pond that will keep algae in check for 30 days.. We have some algae at the moment should I just skim it out with a net? Even if your water quality is good, and your fish seem healthy, the problem with ponds is they can be subject to sudden changes in quality, which can negatively impact fish. Yeah, it’s much easier to find larger commercial air compressors in the USA as ponds are, in-general, larger than their UK-counterparts. Could I switch the filter off between October & April if I add in bacteria when I re-start it? and every test is ‘Good’ – it did take a lot of drops to get the colour change on KH Alkanity (7 to 8 drops) and on GH Hardness (12 drops) but that is probably just because we are in a hard water and chalky area – i hope that’s the reason?! Apologises for my slow reply. Basically, this type of “good” bacteria is responsible for breaking down ammonia, nitrites, and other harmful substances into nitrates which are consumed by aquatic plants. But, if the sole reason is that you want to save on the running costs of powering a filter (in other words, you don’t want to pay for electricity), then your main option (if not only) is going to be a solar-powered pump with a filter. If I was in your situation, and building on the above advice, I’d firstly take a broad range water quality test and take note of readings for ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, pH and KH (alkalinity). If you do not keep fish, a filter is not absolutely necessary, however, such a pond filter will keep the water clear and it is installed in no time. For ponds with lots of goldfish, or larger koi, a filter system is almost always needed to keep up with the biological load fish produce. Does concrete work for this? For larger models, you’d need to contact specialist retailers as they’re not so readily accessible in the UK. With that said, filters make it an easy and mostly hands-off process to keep your ponds water quality in tip-top shape. Add a couple inches of fresh water and keep the bottom clean. As well as this, algae can quickly overtake a stagnant pond and mosquitoes love laying their eggs in slow moving water – both of which you should try to avoid to you want a clean pond. Fortunately you can solve this problem easily. Utilize A UV Sterilizer Can you recommend a water testing kit suitable for this pond? Hi such a helpful site, thank you. 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